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Nasa prepares to bomb the moon

Post  Manahuna on 20.06.09 13:00

Nasa scientists are preparing to launch a space mission from Cape Canaveral carrying a missile that will fire a hole deep in the surface of the moon.





Telegraph UK
By Ben Leach
Published: 8:36AM BST 18 Jun 2009

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/scienceandtechnology/science/space/5566137/Nasa-prepares-to-bomb-the-moon.html

The aim is to see whether any traces of water will be revealed by the disruption caused to the planet's surface. Nasa will analyse the space cloud caused by the explosion for any sign of water or vapour.

Scientists expect the impact to blast out a huge cloud of dust, gas and vaporized water ice at least 6 miles high - making it visible from Earth.

If the search is successful it could provide vital supplies for a moonbase. The moon is mostly dry desert but ice may be trapped in craters which never see sunlight.

The unmanned Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite mission (LCROSS) will fire a Centaur rocket into the surface at twice the speed of a bullet.

An accompanying spacecraft will orbit the moon for a year looking for possible landing sites for astronauts. The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter will spend at least a year creating the most minutely detailed map of the moon's surface ever seen.

The vessel swill be the first American spacecrafts to make a lunar trip since 1999.

Astronomers have long thought that a rain of comets brought water to the arid, lifeless moon over billions of years.

In the past few years, at least two American spacecraft reported the presence of water by detecting hints of hydrogen and oxygen - the constituents of water - frozen deep in the darkest recesses of craters around both the north and south lunar poles.





NASA scientists are building a spaceship to crash into the moon later this year, sending up a 40-mile high cloud of debris. Their goal? To find water, in the form of ice, which could one day support a moon base.


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Re: Nasa prepares to bomb the moon

Post  Manahuna on 20.06.09 13:04

Mercury News
By Mike Swift
Posted: 06/15/2009 12:00:00 AM PDT

http://www.siliconvalley.com/ci_12590357?nclick_check=1

In an unprecedented scientific endeavor — and what may be one of the coolest space missions ever — NASA is preparing to fly a rocket booster into the moon, triggering a six-mile-high explosion that scientists hope will confirm the presence of water.

The four-month mission of the Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS), which will be directed from NASA's Ames Research Center at Moffett Field, is to discover whether water is frozen in the perpetual darkness of craters near the moon's south pole. As a potential source of oxygen for life support and hydrogen for rocket fuel, that water would be a tremendous boost to NASA's plans to restart human exploration of the moon.

But the launch is scheduled for Thursday at Cape Canaveral, Fla. It was delayed a day to allow repairs to the space shuttle.

Shuttle Endeavour must fly by this weekend. Otherwise the mission to deliver the final piece of the Japanese space station lab must wait until mid-July because of unfavorable sun angles that would heat up the shuttle. The moon mission — NASA's first in a decade — must be launched by Saturday as well. Otherwise it will have to wait until the end of the month for another shot.

LCROSS is a crucial mission for Ames because it marks a return to the business of controlling space missions from Silicon Valley's NASA base, something the center hopes to build on during the next five years. Ames has planned a public

ceremony around the launch, starting at about 11 a.m., featuring Apollo 17 astronaut Harrison Schmitt.

And for the 20-odd scientists who helped plan the $79 million LCROSS mission and who will take command of the spacecraft after the launch, the final days before the scheduled launch have been filled with goose-bump anticipation and nagging midnight worries.

"This has been years," Paul Tompkins, the LCROSS flight director, said of the mission preparations. "All of us have poured our lives into this."

Intense period

For Kimberly Ennico, the LCROSS payload scientist, those worries are focused on a critical moment less than two hours into the mission, when controllers will signal the spacecraft to turn itself on.

NASA is launching two spacecraft to the moon on a single Atlas V rocket — LCROSS and the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO), a probe that will map the surface in a search for safe landing sites for astronauts. Because LRO is the primary spacecraft, LCROSS must be switched off at launch. Ennico's nine precious instruments have been cold and dark since February — she can tell you the exact number of days — and they will need to work well as the spacecraft hurtles toward a flyby of the moon scheduled for about 3:30 a.m. next Monday, assuming the spacecraft is launched Wednesday.

The entire first week will be an intense period for the controllers at Ames. Working overlapping 13-hour shifts, they will turn the spacecraft on after the orbiter separates, confirm LCROSS was not damaged during launch, perform a critical trajectory burn and complete the 40-minute lunar flyby, which NASA will stream on its Web site.

"Nothing," Ennico said, "is really routine about this mission."

LCROSS will use the moon's gravity during the flyby to catapult itself into an orbit that will take it as far as 500,000 miles away from the moon while NASA finalizes which crater to aim the spacecraft at in October.

Visible debris

LCROSS may be one of NASA's most participatory missions. If the spacecraft launches on schedule at 12:51 p.m. Wednesday, it would hit the moon in the early morning hours of Oct. 8. The cloud from the 350 metric tons of debris kicked up by the Centaur booster should spread six miles above the surface of the moon, hitting the sunlight and making it visible to amateur astronomers across North America. The space agency is enlisting telescopes around the country to help monitor the impact.

The 1,664-pound spacecraft will have the best view. LCROSS will separate from the Centaur booster less than 10 hours before impact and will be less than 400 miles above the moon when the spent rocket booster collides at a speed five times faster than a bullet from a .44 Magnum. NASA plans to stream a live view from LCROSS as the Centaur, followed by the spacecraft, plows into the moon.

Over the final four minutes of its existence, as it follows the same terminal trajectory as the Centaur, LCROSS will train its instruments and cameras on the debris cloud, searching it for the chemical signature of water.

Previous spacecraft and ground-based instruments have detected signs of hydrogen near the moon's poles, and scientists are split over whether that is from ice that could have arrived through the impact of comets or by other means. That ice could have lingered for more than a billion years at the bottom of craters near the lunar poles that have never seen sunlight, where temperatures are more than 300 degrees below zero Fahrenheit.

And despite all the serious scientific talk about hydrogen signatures and lunar regolith, flying a rocket booster into the moon at 5,600 mph to trigger a massive explosion is just flat-out cool.

"We're certainly going to be making a big splash," Ennico said. "We're going to see something, but I don't know what to expect. I know on the night of the impact, I'll be running on adrenaline."

The Associated Press contributed to this report. Contact Mike Swift at mswift@mercurynews.com or 408-271-3648. Follow him on Twitter at twitter.com/swiftstories.





In this artist rendition released by Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), Japan's first lunar prob Kaguya orbits the moon in space. Kaguya made a controlled crash-landing on the moon Thursday, June 11, 2009, successfully completing a 19-month mission studying Earth's nearest neighbor, JAXA said





Japan’s moon probe makes crash landing

Kaguya orbiter ends mission after more than a year of lunar observations

MSNBC staff and news service reports
updated 8:33 p.m. CT, Wed., June 10, 2009

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/31214827/

TOKYO - A Japanese probe ended more than a year of orbiting the moon with a controlled crash-landing on the lunar surface, officials said Thursday.

The Kaguya probe hit the moon at about 1825 GMT (2:25 p.m. ET) Wednesday, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, or JAXA, said in an online status report.

The probe was launched in September 2007 and completed all of its scheduled observations. Its mission was extended, and it had been in low lunar orbit since January last year.

Kaguya was due to hit the moon's surface at an angle of less than 1 degree, probably creating a red flash, a JAXA official told The Associated Press on condition of anonymity, citing agency policy.

If left alone, Kaguya would have eventually fallen to the moon on its own, but JAXA wanted to control its crash and make final observations, the official said.

Kaguya's trajectory took it near the moon's southern pole, JAXA said. There was a slight possibility that the impact flash might have been observed from Earth. The space agency asked sky observers to send imagery of any flashes that might have been seen.

During the Kaguya project, Japan launched two other orbiters to relay data. One fell to the moon in February, while the other has been measuring gravity around the moon and is still in orbit.


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Re: Nasa prepares to bomb the moon

Post  Manahuna on 20.06.09 13:08

Dave Beamer discovers Alien Base on Moon via KAGUYA Satellite - On Nov.7th, 2007 Japan's KAGUYA takes images of the moon using a HDTV camera - This Satellite is presently undergoing initial functional verification. It seems to have acquired an image which looks like an alien base near the North Pole of our Moon? The alien base area is just prior to orbiting over the dark shadow of the moon threshold in the bottom right corner of the video. I just wrote Japan in regard to my find thanks to this more detailed HDTV. I am hoping JAXA writes back as I can also show them areas where they should take more pictures. On the opposite side (kept "turned" away from Earth) many areas have these bases. In fact, I think the whole moon is a Nephilim Mother Ship much like Saturn's Iapetus.





E-mail Contact Dave for a better JPEG:
gone38@hotmail.com





Kaguya Moon Probe Impacts Surface

Aviation Week
Jun 11, 2009

Kazuki Shiibashi/Tokyo

http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/generic/story_channel.jsp?channel=space&id=news/KAG061109.xml&headline=Kaguya%20Moon%20Probe%20Impacts%20Surface

Japan's Kaguya moon probe smashed into the lunar surface as planned at 3:25 am JST June 11, concluding a 21-month mission that began with launch on an H-IIA rocket from Tanagashima Space Center on Sept. 14, 2007.

The satellite crashed at 1.6 kilometers per second (3,600 mph) at an angle of 10 degrees on the southeast quadrant of the near side of the moon, near the Gill Crater at 80.4 degrees east longitude and 65.5 degrees south latitude.

"Everything went exactly as planned thanks to the detailed observation/operation data acquired by Kaguya itself," Project Manager Susumu Sasaki said.

"I was delighted at the point of impact, but now a couple hours later it's beginning to sink in," Sasaki continued. "I've been with the project for 14 years and it's almost as though I've lost a son. But I am also relieved it went so well." The mission previously was led by Project Manager Yoshisada Takizawa, who moved on to other administrative responsibilities last year.

Also known as the SELenological and ENgineering Explorer, or Selene, the probe began lowering its altitude in February, dropping from its 100-kilometer (60-mile) science orbit down to 50 kilometers (30 miles) to spend two months measuring the moon's magnetic field. Then in April the spacecraft descended to 10-30 kilometers for detailed observations of the lunar south pole.

Finally, at 2:36 am JST June 10, half an orbit before impact, Selene performed a 140-second thruster burn around the north pole, creating a small reverse thrust of 2.5 meters per second and setting the next predicted perigee at four kilometers below the lunar surface to ensure a crash. Sasaki said attitude control went better than expected and Kaguya's Laser Altimeter managed to measure down to around 400 meters (1,300 feet) before loss of signal.

Sasaki believes the 2,600-kilogram (5,730-pound) satellite would have only created a small crater five to ten meters wide and about a meter deep, and it would have been difficult to spot the rising debris cloud from the Earth. However he has received unconfirmed reports that ground observations were made. He says what observers saw was most likely the 40 kilograms of remaining hydrazine fuel burning at the point of impact, rather than the impact itself.

After entering its final science orbit in December 2007, Kaguya spent 10 months in its formal observation phase, followed by 7.5 months of extended operations, creating global topographic, gravitational and magnetic maps of the moon. The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency says it is preparing to release most of the mission data worldwide over the internet on Nov. 1, and hopes this will aid further scientific research and understanding of the moon for future space missions.

Selene was Japan's second lunar probe. India's first lunar orbiter, Chandrayaan, is in orbit now, and NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter is set to blast off June 17. China's first lunar probe, Chang'e 1, was launched in 2007 and deorbited around the moon in March 2009.





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Re: Nasa prepares to bomb the moon

Post  Manahuna on 20.06.09 13:11

Alien bases found on the moon -

testimonies from Dr Steven's Greer UFO Disclosure Project key NASA black budget witnesses.



Life on the Moon - The Alien bases -

Exerpt from full feature 'UFO The Greatest Story Ever Denied'




Alien moon 1/3- Why have NASA never return to the moon





'Moon missiles' survive high-impact tests


NewScientist. com news service
Rachel Courtland
09 June 2008

http://space. newscientist. com/article/dn14083-moon-missiles-survive-highimpact-tests. html

A UK plan to drive four 'missiles' into the Moon to study its internal structure recently got a boost when tests suggested the missiles' instruments would survive the violent impact

The probes, part of a proposed UK-NASA collaboration called MoonLITE, could launch as early as 2013. Each would carry a seismometer on board. Together, the network of sensors could use the energy of lunar quakes to map the Moon's interior and help reveal whether the Moon has an iron core, which could shed light on how it formed. A drill and instruments to test for water and other chemicals will also be on board

Each 'penetrator' may hit the Moon's surface at a speed of more than 1100 kilometres per hour, rapidly coming to a halt as much as 3 metres into lunar dust

In recent tests, the penetrators were driven by a rocket-powered train into a pile of sand at the speed they would likely hit the Moon. The collision decelerated the load by 10,000 times the strength of gravity – by comparison, ordinary rockets typically do not experience vibrations of more than 100 gs
The probe's scientific instruments seemed to survive the heavy jolt, says project lead Alan Smith of University College London's Mullard Space Science Laboratory in Surrey, UK. "We're very very pleased," Smith told New Scientist. "We achieved far more than we expected in a very short time"

Light and rugged

To enable the penetrators' scientific instruments to survive the impact, Smith and colleagues embedded the probes' electrical components in a clear block of epoxy and bolted down everything else. Silicon microelectronics were used in some instruments to make the probe lighter and more rugged

The probes might be able to push metres down into the lunar surface before stopping. But exactly how far is unclear. "The Moon regolith is not like sand. It's more like compressed talcum powder," says Smith. "It does make it harder to penetrate"

If all goes well, the penetrators might be the first to successfully crash into an extraterrestrial object and survive to carry on measurements. The last such attempt to slam instruments into a lunar or planetary surface was in 1999, when NASA's Deep Space 2 mission sent two miniature probes to the surface of Mars

Organic chemistryAlthough the probes seemed to have impacted the surface, the agency was never able to establish communication with them. Other missions have focused on creating impacts to kick up dust or other debris that could be analysed by an orbiting spacecraft

Communication and power can be two challenges when it comes to developing such impacting probes, says Phil Christensen at Arizona State University in Tempe, US. "But penetrators have always been on the horizon," says Christensen. "There's certainly a lot of things you could do if you poke things into the ground"

On the ground, an impacting probe should be more sensitive to components like organic chemicals than an orbiter studying a plume of soil ejected by a 'dummy' penetrator would be, Christensen says

Smith says a radioactive source should be able to keep each probe's electronics warm in the cold environment of space. The probes should still be able to communicate by radio through the lunar soil, as it is relatively dry, he adds Crashing into
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Re: Nasa prepares to bomb the moon

Post  Manahuna on 20.06.09 13:13



Lumière 'Voyage To The Moon' 1902
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Re: Nasa prepares to bomb the moon

Post  Manahuna on 24.06.09 15:45





New Mexico UFO Airport NASA Moon Attack - Whatz Up ?




And who could spend 200.000 $ for a ticket out of the pocket,
and who needs education and health care anyways
when the very few need extravagant holidaying..
priorities are a priviledge I guess. Rolling Eyes


And there was growing frustration in the streets of the usa that funds were being wasted on moon landings when they could now be put to better use on the usa problems

Today at least 60% may ask what'z up with this..militarisation of space,
aren't we already busy enough dealing with all the shit created here on earth.. Laughing
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Re: Nasa prepares to bomb the moon

Post  Manahuna on 24.06.09 16:10




I wonder if the planers said to themselfs...hey,
to get our message across, lets shape that
spaceport as a commonly known sustainable
symbol, a pussy....

geez they're so cocky
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